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"The process of discovery is very simple. An unwearied and systematic application of known laws to nature, causes the unknown to reveal themselves. Almost any mode of observation will be successful at last, for what is most wanted is method."

- Henry David Thoreau -

A selected bibliography of my peer-reviewed publications

Dr Annear has published over 50 peer reviewed journal articles and book chapters on the topics of physical activity, life course issues and environment. Below are a selection of relevant references that may be of interest to those working in related disciplines. If you would like a copy of open-access versions of any of the manuscripts below, please contact me directly. See the links on the first page of this website to my most recent papers.


Curl, A., Annear, M., Keeling, S., & Hackett, G. (2022). Building Back Better: Do Post-Earthquake Neighborhoods Promote Active Aging? A Long-Term Audit Analysis in Christchurch, New Zealand. Journal of Aging and Environment, 1-22. 

Annear, M., Shimizu, Y., & Kidokoro, T. (2022). Experiential Physical Education in a Bilingual Japanese University: Implications for Student Physical Activity and Program Development. Advances in Physical Education, 12(1), 11-28.


Annear, M., Kidokoro, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2022). Expectations regarding aging among ethnically diverse undergraduates in Japan: a life course perspective on anticipated health and meaning in later life. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life.

Annear, M., Kidokoro, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2021). Existential threats to the Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games? a review of emerging environmental health risks. Reviews on Environmental Health, 36(2), 159-66. [Indexed in SCOPUS]


Annear, M., & Kidokoro, T. (2021). Novel standing desk intervention in Japanese elementary education: mixed-methods evidence for health and pedagogical impacts. Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine, 10(5), 273-282. [Indexed in S

Annear, M., Sato, S., Kidokoro, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2021). Can international sports mega events be considered physical activity interventions? A systematic review and quality assessment of large-scale population studies. Sport in Society, 1-18.

Annear, M., Shimizu, Y., & Kidokoro, T. (2021). Physical activity legacies and the Olympic Games: A Delphi consensus study of contemporary challenges and opportunities. Journal of Physical Exercise and Sport Science 運動とスポーツの科学, 26(2), 87-101.


Annear, M. (2021). Rethinking Resilience in Aging Societies Ahead of the Next Global Pandemic. International Journal of Gerontology, 15(1), 88.

Annear, M., Kidokoro, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2021). Walking and Sitting Time among Urban-Living Middle-Aged and Older Japanese. International Journal of Gerontology, 15(1), 84-86.

Annear, M., Shimizu, Y., Kidokoro, T., & McLaughlan, R. (2021). Constructing legacy: walking audits of the leisure time physical activity potential of Tokyo Olympic venues and their urban milieu. Annals of Leisure research  (Ahead of Print), 1-26.

Annear, M., Kidokoro, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2020). Physical Activity Among Urban-Living Middle-Aged and Older Japanese During the Build-Up to the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games: A Population Study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 29(2), 308-318.

Kidokoro, T., Fuku, N., Yanagiya, T., Takeshita, T., Takaragawa, M., Annear, M., Xiamojie, T., Waiganjo, L., Bogonko L., Isika, J., Kigaru, M., Mwangi, F. (2020). Physical activity and sedentary behaviour patterns among Kenyan and Japanese children: A comprehensive cross-country comparison. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 4254-72. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17124254


Kidokoro, T., Shimizu, Y., Edamoto, K., & Annear, M. (2019). Classroom standing desks and time-series variation in sedentary behavior and physical activity among primary school children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(11), 1892. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16111892


Annear, M., Lucas, P., Wilkinson, T., & Shimizu, Y. (2019). Prescribing physical activity as a preventive measure for middle-aged Australians with dementia risk factors. Australian Journal of Primary Health. DOI: 10.1071/PY18171

Annear, M., Shimizu, Y., and Kidokoro, T. (2018). Sports mega-event legacies and adult physical activity: a systematic literature review and research agenda. European Journal of Sport Science. DOI: 10.1071/PY18171

Annear, M. (2017). Leveraging Tokyo 2020: can the Olympic Games activate older Japanese and compress morbidity in later life? Geriatrics and Gerontology. 17(12): 2634-35. DOI: 10.1111/ggi.13136

Annear, M., & Sun, J. (2016). Experiences of Japanese aged care: the pursuit of optimal health and cultural engagement. Age and Ageing 45(6): 753-56. DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afw144

Annear, M., Gao, X., & Keeling, S. (2016). Japanese perceptions of societal vulnerability to disasters during population ageing: constitution of a new scale and initial findings. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18: 32-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.06.001

Annear, M., Keeling, S., & Wilkinson, T. (2014). Participatory and evidence-based recommendations for urban redevelopment following natural disasters: Older adults as policy advisers. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 33(1), 43-49. DOI: 10.1111/ajag.12053.

Annear, M., Wilkinson, T., & Keeling, S. (2013). Psychological challenges among older adults following the Christchurch earthquakes. Journal of Disaster Research, 8(3), 508-511. DOI: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0508.

Annear, M., Cushman, G., Gidlow, B., Keeling, S., Wilkinson, T., & Hopkins, H. (2013). A place for visual research methods in the field of leisure studies? Evidence from two studies of older adults’ active leisure. Leisure Studies, 33(6), 618-643. DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2013.841743.

Annear, M., Keeling, S., Wilkinson, T., Cushman, G., Gidlow, B., & Hopkins, H. (2012). Environmental influences on healthy and active ageing: A systematic review. Ageing and Society, 34(4), 590-622. DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X1200116X.

Cushman, G., Gidlow, B., Espiner, S., & Annear, M (2011). Advancing an integrated leisure research strategy for New Zealand. Australasian Parks and Leisure, 14(3), 46-47.

Cushman, G., Gidlow, B., Espiner, S., Toohey, M., & Annear, M. (2010). Developing a National Leisure Research Strategy for New Zealand: Arts, outdoor recreation, sport, and community recreation. Annals of Leisure Research, 13(3), 352-375. DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2010.9686853.

Annear, M., Cushman, G., & Gidlow, B. (2009). Leisure time physical activity differences among older adults from diverse socioeconomic neighborhoods. Health and Place, 15(2), 482-490. DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.09.005.

Annear, M., Gidlow, B., & Cushman, G. (2009). Neighbourhood deprivation and older adults’ preferences for and perceptions of active leisure. Annals of Leisure Research, 12(2), 96-128. DOI:10.1080/11745398.2009.9686814.

Annear, M., Cushman, G., Espiner, S., Gidlow, B. and Toohey, M. (2010). Advancing an Integrated Leisure Research Strategy for New Zealand: An analysis of the perceived research needs and priorities of stakeholders in the arts, outdoor recreation, sport and community recreation sectors. Land Environment and People (LEaP) Research Report No. 21 (ISSN 1172-0859), Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand. Available online at,

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